What is Trading — A Short Guide for Beginners

Trading is all about buying and selling assets with the intention of making a profit. Further, it involves various instruments in financial markets, stocks being the most popular. Nonetheless, it also includes shares and funds.

Starting financial trading can be overwhelming, especially for a beginner. Hence, we’re sharing this short guide to help you begin on the right foot. We’ll discuss the assets you can trade and the many ways you can do so.

What Assets and Markets Can You Trade?

Stocks take the crown for being the most popular financial assets to trade. Aside from stocks, however, you can also trade the following:

  • Foreign exchange
  • Shares
  • Commodities
  • Indices
  • Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF)
  • Initial Public Offering (IPO)
  • Bonds
  • Interest rates
  • Derivatives
  • Cryptocurrency

How Does Trading Work?

Trading relies on supply and demand. A market with more buyers than sellers drives the price up. On the other hand, the price goes down when there are more sellers than buyers.

Further, you profit when the market price moves up. Otherwise, a price moving down can translate into a loss.

Who Trades and Invests?

Those who trade are individuals or entities buying and selling assets to make a quick profit. In contrast, those who invest are individuals and entities who are looking for long-term profits. Hence, one of the main differences is in the time frame you expect a return.

Aside from retail investors, governments and private institutions also trade and invest.

What are the Ways You Can Trade?

Before you start, it’s crucial to learn your options for trading. Research the pros and cons of different strategies to optimize returns. That said, here are some of the ways to trade:

How Do I Start Trading?

First, build up your knowledge and skills in trading.

Second, create a trading account. Provide the necessary information and documents.

Next, set a budget. Decide how much you’ll use to buy trading assets. Analyze the available financial instruments.

Lastly, monitor the market. Know when to buy and sell. You can also set a stop loss to minimize losses.


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